The onion or bulb onion’s scientific name is Allium Cepa. Belonging to the kingdom of Plantae and the family of Amaryllidaceae plants, this biennial plant is geographically grown in South West Asia. The plant has been bred for approximately 7000 years. There are several other species in the Allium genus that are called onions and cultivated for food. Historically ancient Egypt, the Bronze Age settlers, ancient Greece, the Roman gladiators, European settlers and Native Americans are known for growing and using onions as food or for medicinal purposes. The A.Cepa was widely grown in the British gardens around 995 as a vegetable crop.
The onion is the second most important crop grown just after the tomatoes. Its distinctive pungency improves the taste of food and it is generally considered as a healthy natural food. The main active components of the onion are:
Allicin – this is in slightly lesser quantities than in the garlic.
Amino acids – rich in glutamic acid, arginine, lysine, and glycine.
Onions also contain health-promoting phytochemicals.
It stimulates the tear glands, mucous membranes and the upper respiratory tract due to its acrid and volatile component.
Contains quercetin a vital anti-oxidant.
Full of Folic acid, vitamin C, and Vitamin E.
The mineral components are: calcium, manganese, sodium, sulphur, potassium, phosphorus, copper, selenium, and zinc.
The saturated fatty acid components in the onion are about 21.42% inclusive of the linolenic acid which is the highest.
Onions act as an antiseptic, antibiotic and display anti-microbial properties as well and are extremely useful in preventing infections. They actively inhibit the growth of bacteria.
With its anti-inflammatory properties, its diet is very useful for patients with asthma and bronchitis.
The active compound quercetin helps in minimising blood pressure with its hypertensive properties.
Hardening of blood vessels, a condition also known as atherosclerosis can be prevented with onion intake; they help in reducing elevated lipids thus allaying high cholesterol.
Juice of onion instils eyesight and prevents the formation of cataract.
Individuals with sleeping disorders and insomnia can incorporate onions in their diet for better sleep.
Any loss of appetite or indigestion can be resolved with its consumption; it releases digestive juices that stimulate the production of gastric juices that improve appetite.
Intestinal worms and parasites can be expelled with onion juice.
A.Cepa is known to be one of the best solutions for alopecia areata or baldness.
As an applicant, it reduces hair loss by improving blood circulation in the scalp and the hair.
The sulphur in the juice helps in the production of essential collagen that promotes hair growth.
It is also well-accepted for its anti-microbial properties that successfully reduce scalp infections.
The A.Cepa prevents thinning of hair and helps in the growth of healthy and strong hair.